What is Modern Slavery?

Part 1: Introduction to Modern Slavery


Human trafficking or trafficking in persons is defined by the UN in the Palermo Protocol as the act of: “recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons.”


By the means of,

“threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.” (Article 3a, Palermo Protocol, 2000).


Exploitation for modern slavery purposes is defined to include: sexual exploitation, forced labour, domestic servitude and organ trafficking.


Importantly, trafficking in the UK occurs not just internationally, but domestic across regions. There is no typical victim and victims can be any age, gender, class or nationality. However, the NRM statistics show the most common nationality of victims in 2015 were Albania, Vietnam, Nigeria, Romania and the UK. For more statistics please see: NRM Statistics

Learn more about modern slavery in the pages linked below:


Part 2: What is the National Referral Mechanism?

Part 3: How do you spot the signs of Modern Slavery?

Part 4: How do you spot the signs of County Lines?